This week Professor Vesna addressed neuroscience and art; specifically the importance neuroscience has played throughout the development of society. Franz Joseph Gall originated the concept of phrenology, which was an attempt to look at individual intellect and personality through the examination of skull shape. Additionally, Gall claimed that mental functions are localized in specific regions of the brain and human behavior is dependent on these functions. Gall was disproved with phrenology; however, he was correct in the analysis of neurons and ganglia being the source of brain function. Another individual, Ramon y Cajal made advancements in neuroscience as he is said to be the founder of neuro-anatomy. He is known for neuron theory, where you can seek out connection patterns between neurons by looking at their shapes. Cajal found that these neurons were connected to one another, similar to a tree like structure, which led to more extensive studies in the field of neuroscience.
Neuroscience also has an effect in the realm of dreams; where both the conscious and the unconscious are realized. Two men, Freud and Carl Gustav Jung, took an in depth look into this and were instrumental in the development of dream analysis. Specifically looking at Jung, who believed that the unconscious could be a source of creativity. Jung’s Collective Unconscious is important, as it relates to archetypes constituting the structure of the unconscious, while also representing the basic human behavior in situations.
Lastly, the drug Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) is a psychological drug known for its affects in altering brain processing and select brain functions. LSD was seen as a remedy for everything from schizophrenia to alcoholism. LSD had great promise for analyzing psychotherapy and played importance in the literary works of Aldous Huxley. Huxley’s Door’s of Perception are a documentation of his experiences while trying LSD, where the mind and its experiences are morphed into an illumination of shapes and colors distinct to different sounds in his actual environment.
"Aldous Huxley - The Doors of Perception." Tom Butler-Bowdon. Web. 13 May 2016.
"Carl Jung." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 13 May 2016.
"Franz Joseph Gall : Founder of Phrenology." Franz Joseph Gall : Founder of Phrenology. Web. 13 May 2016.
"Phrenology: The Secrets In Your Skull." Stranger Dimensions. 2014. Web. 13 May 2016.
Sample, Ian. "LSD's Impact on the Brain Revealed in Groundbreaking Images." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 2016. Web. 13 May 2016.
"Santiago Ramón Y Cajal - Biographical." Santiago Ramón Y Cajal - Biographical. Web. 13 May 2016.
"Tapping the Triggers of the Unconscious Mind." Direct Marketing News. 2014. Web. 13 May 2016.
"The Internet Course on LSD." Bavatuesdays. 2014. Web. 13 May 2016.